Online conference "Chemical recycling of end-of-life plastics"
On February 11 we held an online presentation “Chemical recycling of End-of-life plastics” dedicated to the business case of processing of plastic waste stream under DKR350 category.
Waste4ME accomplished chemical recycling demonstration and comparative Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) for such waste and shared the results. During sessions Waste4ME BV Director Vincent Toepoel, Head of Research Valentin Contin, engineer Thomas Baert - Waste4ME specialists who directly participated in the work on the project – described technical, ecological and economic aspects of the business case.
It is not a secret that DKR350 waste usually is not seen as valuable material, that is why we wanted to prove that it still has use and its processing can bring positive effect. Presenters told about advantage we can get of such waste and its economical and manufacturing value. Since the core of Waste4ME business is chemical recycling we focused in our research on whether this way of waste treatment is a viable solution and what benefits it has comparing to other waste treatment solution (landfilling, incineration, mechanical recycling). Thus during the conference we discussed technical prepositions and conditions of the business case, measurements conducted, the gas analysis and technical characteristics of the output (oil, gas, char), Life Cycle Impact Assessment, calculated performance of DKR350 waste plastics.
We also shared our plans for the future, areas for continuous innovation, market dependencies and potential quantities of waste treatment by WER unit.
The full video of presentations and slides are available and will be sent to those interested upon the request.
Waste4ME participated in Week of the circular economy
On February 2, director of Waste4ME BV Vincent Toepoel presented at the Week of the Circular Economy together with other participants of Pyrolyse Proeftuin Zuid Nederland. He spoke about the progress our company achieved in the last few years and plans for the future. As Waste4ME is growing it is also important that we continue technology deployment. We keep on conducting tests and managing contracting flows that can be used as input waste and output oil.
Our goal is to reach 1 million ton of cracker feed in 2025. For this purpose Waste4ME currently focuses on establishing of a new factory in Moerdijk which will allow us to process up to 35 kiloton of waste per year and reach the route to 1 million ton.
Later Waste4ME plans to build larger factories to expand potential of chemical recycling. Meanwhile we will research opportunities of processing of specific waste flows, which are not yet eligible for chemical recycling. The full video is here.
Waste4ME joined TechnologyCatalogue.com
Waste4ME joined TechnologyCatalogue as a technology supplier, showcasing our technology of WER unit, including its specifications and use conditions. Information about WER unit is now visible to all global users of TechnologyCatalogue.com and partner portals for the UK, Australia and The Netherlands. We are happy to display our unit to those who are interested in our solution and welcome everyone to check and share our page by the following link https://www.technologycatalogue.com/product_service/waste-energy-recycling-wer-unit.
ISO 9001:2015 and ISO 14001:2015 certificates were issued
Waste4ME successfully obtained its ISO 9001:2015 and ISO 14001:2015 certificates that confirm high quality management and environmental system standards implemented in the company. Comprehensive examination of the company's business processes, quality level of services, applied internal practices regarding cooperation with third parties, and ecological impact were conducted by DEKRA Certification BV. As a result Waste4ME was issued with the certificates to prove its high working standards and minimal negative effect on environment.
Waste4ME accomplished LCA for End-Of-Life alternatives applied to household plastic waste
Waste4ME accomplished comparative Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) for End-Of-Life alternatives applied to household plastic waste. The specific of this type of waste was that it is a rejected stream of waste which was previously treated by means of mechanical recycling and is destined in majority of cases to be incinerated or landfilled. However those two options are not always fully sufficient regarding both waste management technics, lost profit and environmental protection. In the process of work we were estimating pyrolysis potential, comparing to incineration and landfilling, in treatment of such waste.
One more important goal of the research was to define environmental impact and impact to human health of using these waste treatment technologies, their advantages and disadvantages comparing to each other.
Conducting an LCA is also a legal requirement under LAP3 in order to justify one's choice of waste treatment technology. That is why this research is aimed to be used, among others, as an official proof of pyrolysis feasibility in the given conditions.
As pyrolysis is quite broad technology that gives different output we studied its three options:
- The pyrolysis from which the pyrolytic oil output is of no value and thus must be treated in chemical treatment facilities. In this scenario the gas can be used for electricity generation and the heat produced from generating electricity and from the flue gas is recovered. The metals from the pyrolytic ashes are not separated but considered to be equivalent to virgin metal with significant loss in quality;
- The pyrolysis from which the pyrolytic oil output is considered as low quality Heavy Fuel Oil. In this scenario the excess pyrolytic gas can be used for electricity generation and the heat produced from generating electricity and from the flue gas is recovered. The metals from the pyrolytic ashes are not separated but considered to be equivalent to virgin metal with significant loss in quality;
- The pyrolysis from which the pyrolytic oil output is considered as low quality Heavy Fuel Oil. In this scenario the excess pyrolytic gas is considered of naphtha quality. The metals from the pyrolytic ashes are not separated but considered to be equivalent to virgin metal with significant loss in quality.
Regarding incineration and landfilling we used data for the incineration of mixed domestic plastic waste in a typical Dutch waste incineration plant and from which heat is recovered and electricity is generated. The landfilling was used as a worst case scenario. The landfilling site is considered to include gas treatment, leachate treatment, sludge treatment and deposition. For defining pyrolysis results we applied data of the test conducted on our Waste Energy Recovery unit.
The results given following the impact assessment methodology are most interpretable and conclusions can be drawn from the so-called endpoint area of protections, expressed as damage to human health, damage to ecosystems, and damage to resource availability. They show that the environmental performance of the pyrolysis scenarios are overall higher in terms of environmental benefits. For example, assessing damage made to human health, pyrolysis shows proof of better environmental impacts with the exception of pyrolysis type, described above as a first option. This is mainly due to the oil being seen as waste to be treated and its subsequent process emissions. However, when it comes to the damage to ecosystems as well as damage to resources availability, the different pyrolysis scenario are all showing positive, or avoided impacts on the environment. Since incineration also uses a more efficient energy recovery than landfill, it also shows, to a lesser extent, avoided damage to the environment but still has non negligible impact on climate change and freshwater consumption compared to the three pyrolysis scenario. It was found that the landfill scenario do not show any positive impact on the environment when treating the plastic mix. Finally, as expected, the scenario involving Heavy Fuel oil recovery and gas as recoverable naphtha has the most avoided impact to resource availability.
Thereby, as the result, LCA shows that rest stream valorization technologies, be it incineration or pyrolysis have some impact on human health, due to exposure to the pollutants emitted during the energy conversion and recovery. On the other hand, clear benefits arise from the use of the pyrolysis technology, since these alternatives allows for avoided damage made to ecosystems. The pollutants being emitted, the extent of energy and material recovery allows for significant environmental benefits compared to the scenarios of landfilling and incineration.
Waste4ME plans to provide consulting services
Waste4ME is a team of professionals who have expertise in different fields of environmental, technical, administrative and legal studies. And we would like to implement this knowledge into consulting services, assisting our customers in their particular cases. That is why Waste4ME plans to provide advisory products on waste management. At this moment we are working on development of qualitative approach to such topics as end of waste status, proving circularity, eco-labeling, conformity to environmental product declaration, proving green businesses etc. Together with LCA, which we already can conduct, it will become a full package of business support services. More info will come soon.
Waste4ME participates in PRIMA project
Already for few months Waste4ME has been participating in Pyrolyse Recycle Initiative for Mattresses project (Pyrolyse Recycle Initiatief voor Matrassen - PRIMA). The goal of this project is to research the opportunities of mattresses recycling by means of pyrolysis and prove its business and ecological advantages over other types of mattresses treatment. More information and details are given in this article.